We arrange a pond - with our own hands

We decided to equip the reservoir on your site, but you do not know how and from what to make your future pond? In this article you can find out how and from what most common materials you can make a pond with your own hands at your summer cottage...


Artificial reservoir in landscape design

The first thing you need to know simple rules for the care and maintenance of domestic pond, they will help in the future to avoid many things that beginners usually face.

If you want to make a pond at your summer cottage, a logical question arises, where to start?

Choosing a place under the reservoir


First you need to determine the choice of place under the reservoir.
Any reservoir is desirable to have so that during the day, it illuminates the sun as long as possible, it is not desirable the proximity of trees.

The sun is required for normal plant growth, which will be located in and around the pond, proximity to trees is fraught with root germination and destruction of the pond walls, and foliage discharged by trees will constantly clog the pond, which will further bloom the water.

Variants of reservoirs


Consider the two most common variants of the reservoir.

The first option: a decorative plastic or fiberglass pond consisting of a rigid form, the second option: a pond equipped with a special PVC film.

Installation of plastic pond


Plastic Pond Tank After choosing a place under the reservoir, let's start with the markup. We install a plastic pond on the surface of the earth, in the place where it will be located, retreating 10-15 cm from the edge of the boards, we drive in pegs along the perimeter of the future pond.

We stretch the thread, and get a slightly enlarged outline of the shape of our pond. We choose a shovel soil at 10-15 cm. Deeper than the form itself.

It is advisable to cover the bottom and walls of the pit with geotextile, which will further protect against strong subsidence of sand around and under the pond. At the bottom, on top of the geotextile, we pour in, wetting and ramming a layer of sand, so that the reservoir installed in the foundation pit is just above ground level.

Then we install the plastic form in the prepared excavation, for installation accuracy, use the level, applying it to the surface along and across.
If there is not enough level from edge to edge of the pond, you can use a long board over which to place the level.

After the mold is installed in the pit, it must be partially filled with water, the filling with water must be done carefully so that the walls of the plastic form are not deformed.

Then we begin the stage-by-stage filling of sand between the walls of the pit and the shape of the reservoir, filling up a small layer, the sand being pounded as possible and necessarily wetted. As sand is added, water is added to the pond, thereby creating a balance, and the walls of the pond are not deformed. Fill in sand all the sinuses around the form.

After that, preferably once again, without sparing water, to moisten the soil around the reservoir, this measure will help the sand to condense and fill the remaining voids. Sprinkling sand form, do not forget to constantly monitor the position of the pond with a level.
The pond is in place, now you can do, landscaping the surrounding area.

PVC pond


Pond made of membrane Creating a reservoir using a special PVC film requires a slightly different technology. Since we are dealing with rolled material, this means that you can give free rein to your imagination in the size and shape of the reservoir, because PVC can be glued together.

We need a PVC film, a tape for gluing the film, geotextiles (it is used as a substrate for the film). First of all, we determine the location, shape, size and depth of the reservoir.

It is believed that the greater the depth of the reservoir, the better it is, because in a small and not deep reservoir to get the balance of nature is much more difficult than in a large one, the minimum depth for a small pond should be at least 50 cm, and if you want to run the fish, then less than 1.5 meters. The larger the size of the reservoir, the thicker the PVC film will be for it.

Calculation of the film for the construction of the pond

To calculate the amount of film, we use the following calculation, the length of the film is the length of the reservoir plus two walls and 1 m. The margin for the bend, the width of the film is calculated in the same way. Mark the contour under the future reservoir, drive in pegs and pull the thread around the perimeter.

Method of laying the membrane when creating a reservoir Next, we begin to choose the soil, it is worth paying attention that at the edges of the reservoir, the soil is not selected to the full depth of the reservoir, but in a cascade, that is, like a ladder to the middle of the reservoir. This ladder is necessary for laying out the coast with stone and plant placement, the width of this step is about 30 cm. Soil is selected by 10-15 cm more, taking into account the sandy pillow.

Having chosen the soil, we fill the bottom with sand and carefully ram, then we line the foundation pit with geotextiles; the geotextiles will protect the film from excessive load. It is necessary to lay the film in a warm time, at a temperature of at least +15 degrees.

Before laying, the film should be allowed to lie in the sun for at least 2 hours, it will become more pliable, which will facilitate further installation. At the next stage, we lay the film, pressing it at the bottom with stones and evenly smoothing it along the walls, on the shore, smoothing it with uniform folds and pressing it in several places with stones.

We fill the reservoir with water for half, under the weight of the water, the film will stretch and stretch, in difficult places the folds are stretched by hands, we give the film for 2-3 hours for stretching, then we add water to full volume, after which we can finally press and mask the edges of the film on the shore.
Coconut mats, stone or artificial turf are used to mask the edges of the pond.

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